Trees provide cooling through evapotranspiration and shading that decreases temperatures along walkways. Increasing vegetation provides numerous co-benefits like reducing pollution; improving the public realm; and decreasing energy costs. A tree protection program protects the relocation and replacement of specific trees through the building code. The code can require documentation of existing trees and requiring permitting or fees for removal.
Identify protected trees and enforce penalties if existing protected trees are removed.
Considerations for Use
This mandate is most effective in areas with high property turnover rates to protect existing trees.
Climate:Hot/Dry, Hot/Humid, Temperate
Policy Levers:MandateMandates are government regulations that require stakeholders to meet standards through building codes, ordinances, zoning policies, or other regulatory tools.
Trigger Points:Introducing new or updated zoning/codesIncludes codes, zoning requirements or by-laws pertaining to urban planning and building construction activity.No-regrets actions (low cost/low effort but substantial benefit)Interventions that are relatively low-cost and low effort (in terms of requisite dependencies) but have substantial environmental and/or social benefits.
Intervention Types:Green/natural Infrastructure
Sectors:Informal Settlements, Parks, Public Works
Target Beneficiaries:Heat-vulnerable communities, Residents
Phase of Impact:Risk reduction and mitigation
Metrics:Number of trees protected
Authority and Governance:City government
Implementation Timeline:Short-term (1-2 Years)
Implementation Stakeholders:City government
Funding Sources:Public investment
Capacity to Act:High
Co-benefits (Climate/Environmental):Improve stormwater management, Preserve biodiversity, Provide flood protection, Reduce air and water pollution, Reduce greenhouse gas emissions
Co-benefits (Social/Economic):Build social cohesion, Improve human health, Improve the public realm, Increase property values