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Policy Solution

Track heat-related deaths



Heat-related deaths are often undercounted or misclassified under the health conditions or incidents that lead to mortality despite being exacerbated by extreme heat. Accurately tracking heat-related deaths is an important metric to prevent future fatalities and implement effective mitigation measures. Governments can identify heat-related deaths more accurately by requiring first responders to take note of environmental conditions and body temperature and creating a centralized system to manage the data.


Set reporting conditions or updated definitions to ensure that heat-related deaths are accounted for.

Considerations for Use

Many heat deaths are currently underreported because of complications in reporting preexisting conditions or lack of knowledge. Training and education will be an important part of implementation.


  • Climate:

    Cold, Hot/Dry, Hot/Humid, Temperate
  • Policy Levers:

    MandateMandates are government regulations that require stakeholders to meet standards through building codes, ordinances, zoning policies, or other regulatory tools.
  • Trigger Points:

    No-regrets actions (low cost/low effort but substantial benefit)Interventions that are relatively low-cost and low effort (in terms of requisite dependencies) but have substantial environmental and/or social benefits.
  • Intervention Types:

  • Sectors:

    Disaster Risk Management, Informal Settlements, Information and Technology, Public Health

Case Studies


  • Target Beneficiaries:

    Heat-vulnerable communities, Residents
  • Phase of Impact:

    Emergency response and management
  • Metrics:

    Decrease in heat-related deaths


  • Intervention Scale:

    City, State/Province
  • Authority and Governance:

    City government, State government
  • Implementation Timeline:

    Short-term (1-2 Years)
  • Implementation Stakeholders:

    City government, State/provincial government
  • Funding Sources:

    Public investment
  • Capacity to Act:

    High, Medium


  • Cost-Benefit:

  • Public Good:

  • GHG Reduction:

  • Co-benefits (Climate/Environmental):

  • Co-benefits (Social/Economic):

    Build community capacity, Improve human health