Parks and open space
Converting vacant, non-vegetated land into parks and open spaces is a heat mitigation strategy that cools the surrounding temperature and also provides social co-benefits.
Develop and adopt parks plans and capital plans to fund park networks.
Considerations for Use
Parks can be capitally-intensive to design and construct; but offer many opportunities for funding through increased property values and financing solutions. Parks require ongoing maintenance.
Climate:Hot/Dry, Hot/Humid, Temperate
Policy Levers:CommitmentGovernments set ambitious goals or targets to guide prioritization and investment.
Trigger Points:City planning processesIncludes city initiatives such as the development of climate action plan, pathway to zero-energy, master plan, transit plan, energy mapping etc.Evaluating or initiating major city infrastructure projectsIncludes projects such as city transit, street or utilities construction / re-construction etc.
Intervention Types:Green/natural Infrastructure
Sectors:Informal Settlements, Parks
Target Beneficiaries:Heat-vulnerable communities, Property owners, Residents
Phase of Impact:Risk reduction and mitigation
Metrics:Area of green space or parks
Intervention Scale:City, District
Authority and Governance:City government
Implementation Timeline:Long-term (10+ Years)
Implementation Stakeholders:City government
Funding Sources:Grants and philanthropy, Private investment, Public investment
Capacity to Act:High
Co-benefits (Climate/Environmental):Improve stormwater management, Preserve biodiversity, Provide flood protection, Reduce air and water pollution
Co-benefits (Social/Economic):Build social cohesion, Improve human health, Improve the public realm, Increase property values